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What to Know About the DOT Airline Refund Rules


It looks like there’s good news for travelers on the horizon! The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is rolling out new rules that make getting refunds from airlines much easier than before.

Under the new DOT rules, if your flight gets canceled, is significantly delayed, or if certain services you paid for aren’t provided, you will be entitled to a fast, no-fuss cash refund.

Overview of the New Airline Refund Rules

The new rules change how airlines must handle refunds, which makes the process more straightforward for passengers. Let’s review the new DOT rules and what they mean for you when you fly.

Automatic Refunds: Airlines must automatically refund your ticket if your flight is canceled or significantly changed and you are not offered or reject alternative transportation or travel credits, vouchers, or other compensation. For most travelers this is a welcome change because it means you won’t have to apply for a refund yourself or wait a long time to get your money back.

Defining “Significant Change”: The DOT has clearly defined what they consider a “significant change” for flights. If a domestic flight is delayed by more than three hours or an international flight is delayed by more than six hours, you’re entitled to a refund. Other scenarios like changing your departure or arrival airport, adding extra stops, or downgrading your service class also qualify as a “significant change.”

Baggage Delays: The new rules also cover delayed baggage. If your checked bags arrive more than 12 hours late for a domestic flight or 15 to 30 hours late for an international flight, depending on the flight duration, you’re entitled to a refund of any baggage fees you paid.

Refunds for Ancillary Fees: If you’ve paid for extra services like Wi-Fi, seat selection, or in-flight entertainment and these services aren’t provided or available, you’re also entitled to a refund for these fees.

Refunds for Inability to Travel Due to Serious Communicable Diseases: For travelers who are unable to or advised not to travel as scheduled on flights to, from, or within the United States because of a serious communicable disease, the DOT requires that carriers provide travel vouchers or credits that are transferrable and valid for at least 5 years from the date of issuance.

Streamlined Refund Processes: These new rules are poised to greatly improve the passenger experience by requiring refunds to be prompt and in the original form of payment. Airlines must issue refunds within seven business days for credit card purchases and within 20 calendar days for other payment methods. This makes the refund process not only faster but also more transparent. The airlines must also inform passengers if they are entitled to a refund before offering other options other than a refund, such as a voucher or alternative transportation.

These changes not only make it easier for passengers to get their refunds but also ensure that airlines are held to a higher standard of accountability. After all, most people can agree that when there are issues with their flight or baggage, it’s frequently a headache to even get an airline representative on the phone, let alone receive a reimbursement or credit. It can also be time consuming, frustrating and expensive to book a new flight after already paying for one that has been canceled. The goal is to eliminate much of the frustration and financial strain that often comes with flight disruptions.

Timeline for Implementation

These DOT rules become effective on June 25, 2024. However, the DOT has stated that, “the rule provides for lengthier implementation periods. The implementation period ranges from six months for airlines to provide automatic refunds when owed to 12 months for airlines to provide transferable travel vouchers or credits when consumers are unable to travel for reasons related to a serious communicable disease.”

More Passenger Protections Are Coming

The DOT appears to be committed to strengthening consumer protections and improving the experience of airline passengers. To this end, the DOT has several additional rules in the pipeline:

Eliminating Family Seating Fees: The DOT is proposing rules to ban so-called “family seating junk fees,” making sure that parents can sit with their kids during flights without having to pay extra fees. This initiative was brought on by the widespread frustration among passengers over the extra charges and complexities involved in securing family seating.

Enhanced Rights for Passengers with Disabilities: The DOT is also actively working to expand the rights of passengers who use wheelchairs, looking to improve their travel experiences by including revisions to policies regarding the handling and transportation of mobility devices and steps to enhance accessibility throughout the travel process. These updates focus on allowing passengers with disabilities to travel with dignity and safety, reflecting a commitment to making air travel more inclusive and accommodating for everyone.

Why Travel Insurance is More Important Than Ever

Despite the reassuring new airline refund rules, which are a step in the right direction for the average consumer, travel insurance remains an indispensable safeguard for your valuable trips. Here’s why having travel insurance is more important than ever:

Comprehensive Coverage Beyond Flights

Travel insurance does much more than cover flight changes and cancellations. It also can provide comprehensive benefits to cover travel medical expenses and emergency evacuation, which are crucial when unexpected situations occur when you are away from home. For example, if you get sick while visiting another country, travel insurance can cover medical bills and even necessary evacuations, which aren’t covered under airline refund policies or your domestic health insurance policy.

Protection Against Non-Refundable Travel Costs

Many travel expenses, like flights, hotel bookings, vacation rentals, tours, cruises and pre-paid excursions, can be non-refundable. Travel insurance can help cover these costs, up to the limit of your policy, if you need to cancel or interrupt your trip due to a covered reason, such as unexpected illness, injury, or family emergency.

Coverage for Delays and Minor Disruptions

While the new rules provide refunds for significant delays, they don’t cover some of the smaller inconveniences that can make travel disruptions uncomfortable and expensive. Travel insurance can reimburse you for the cost of essentials such as meals, accommodations, and transportation if you face travel delays or missed connections. This coverage can apply after a delay as short as six hours, offering a financial cushion that airlines typically don’t provide.

Assistance Services

Travel insurance policies typically include 24/7 travel assistance services. These services can be a lifeline in emergencies, offering help with lost passports, legal troubles, or finding appropriate medical care in unfamiliar places. Many travelers find comfort knowing that support is available at any hour, from anywhere in the world.

Additional Benefits

Travel insurance can also offer benefits for situations like lost, stolen, or delayed baggage. Beyond just reimbursing you for the lost items, it can also cover the costs of essential items you might need while waiting for your luggage to be located and delivered. In addition, many travel insurance plans will offer coverage for accidental death & dismemberment, flight accidents, and other benefits such as car rental damage protection.

In short, while the updated airline refund rules are a significant step towards enhancing passenger rights, they don’t eliminate the need for travel insurance. The broad and supportive nature of travel insurance is designed to protect all aspects of your trip, not just the flight or baggage fees, ensuring that you can travel with confidence regardless of what surprises your journey may bring.

Final Thoughts

The promise of hassle-free cash refunds and stricter customer compensation rules for airlines is a major win for travelers. Despite this welcome change, travel insurance remains the most essential tool for protecting your travel investment. offers a user-friendly platform where you can compare different policies from multiple providers, helping you find the coverage that best suits your travel needs.


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